Thursday, December 27, 2007

Remembering Chef Fernando

Chef Fernando on the djembe drum on stage at Fernando's Nostalgia Rest in Peace
Chef Fernando was my Goan cuisine mentor. I studied and worked at Fernando's Nostalgia this time last year in the village of Raia. Chef Fernando loved traditional Goan cuisine and culture. He had worked in hotels and fancy restaurants cooking Indian, Portuguese, and "continental cuisine" (lovingly referred to as "Conti" in India) around the world. He was famous for his extravagant buffets. During my stay at Nostalgia, he often reminded me that we were "hard core"... and I new what he meant. After all of his years as a chef, he decided to return to his roots and cook traditional Goan cuisine from scratch. Slow food. All spice blends, masalas, doughs, stocks, everything from scratch. Check out this video I took of the kitchen at Nostalgia, to see how much work is involved in putting together one of Fernando's famous banquet feasts. You will see cooking out back, steaming sannas over a coconut shell fire, veg prep, peeling shrimp, then a trip through the bakery, into the pantry where canapes are being prepared, then into the kitchen where uncle is frying fish and auntie is grinding masalas.
Nostalgia Kitchen part I

Nostalgia Kitchen part II

As you see from the video, Chef Fernando orchestrated amazing banquet buffets in an unconventional style, using tradition and ingenuity to create unique events. Harry Partch was a ringleader with a similar vision. He worked outside of the box to create sounds and theater. Chef Fernando created flavors and drama through the culinary arts.
Tune: Visions Fill The Eyes Of A Defeated Basketball Team In The Shower Room from Bewitched composed by Harry Partch performed by the University of Illinois Musical Ensemble and conducted by John Garvey.

"The Bewitched is in the tradition of world-wide ritual theatre. It is the opposite of specialized. I conceived and wrote it in California in the period 1952-55, following the several performances of my version of Sophocles' Oedipus. In spirit, if not wholly in content, it is a satyr-play. It is a seeking for release--through satire, whimsy, magic, ribaldry--from the catharsis of tragedy. It is an essay toward a miraculous abeyance of civilized rigidity, in the feeling that the modern spirit might thereby find some ancient and magical sense of rebirth. Each of the 12 scenes is a theatrical unfolding of nakedness, a psychological strip-tease, or--a diametric reversal, which has the effect of underlining the complementary character, the strange affinity, of seeming opposites." --Harry Partch

Chef Fernando became known as the top chef in all of Goa for traditional regional cuisine, made the old fashioned way. He was generous enough to share with me many of his famous recipes. Ambot Tik, Sannas, Cafreal, Rechaud, Balchao, Sorpatel, Xacuti, Goan Fish Curry, Goan Prawn Curry..... I also had the opportunity to work in his bakery which was a seperate building behind the main house of Nostalgia, under a mango tree, beside a fig tree, next to where the ducks, geese, and chickens used to chill. The desserts were elaborate. Mostly Goan pastries with strong Portugese roots like Dedos de Dama, Creme Caramel, and Sans Rival. Fernando loved music. Nostalgia is a true Soul Cocina.
Bilimbi growing on a tree along the back of Fernando's Nostalgia. Notice Fernando's cat on the roof in the picture below.

Bilimbi was a favorite ingredient of Chef Fernando. When I first met Chef Fernando, he invited me to share a meal and a drink with him in Nostalgia's tropical dining room. We had a huge feast that included prawn curry with bilimbis. I fell in love with this tart fruit that had the same texture and feel as star fruit. I was amazed when he showed me the fruit growing right beside the restaurant. Bilimbi, along with kokum gives the cocunut gravy a splendid sourness. Sometimes the prawns float alone in the gravy, sometimes they are accompanied by ladyfingers (okra), and they are usually accompanied by a few bilimbis, sliced in half lengthwise.
Here is a video I took of Auntie (one of Fernando's chefs) grinding coconut and spices for Goan Prawn Curry.

Goan Prawn Curry is served with boiled Goan red rice. In Goa it is known as local rice or boiled rice or ukade tandool. This rice is also popular in Southern Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Kerala.

Tune: Brown Rice by Don Cherry from the album Brown Rice which was origionally released under the title Don Cherry in the glorious year of 1975.

In the off season, dried bilimbis are used instead. Fernando used to dry his own bilimbis in the hot Goan sun just outside the restaurant.
Chef Fernando told me that the difference between the gravy for Goan fish curry and Goan prawn curry is that the masala or soymire for prawn curry is strained out and extracted with water. For fish Curry, the soymire is just ground up to a coarser paste.

Goan Prawn Curry
30 parts Coconut, grated
10 parts dry red chillies, deseeded
7 parts tamarind pulp
1 part tumeric powder
2 parts cumin seed
5 parts coriander seed
3 parts garlic
3 parts onion

Grind with water to a fine paste and strain and squeeze out all juices. repeat this process two more times.

Fry some chopped onions in oil and add some chopped tomatoes. Add the watered down masala paste (soymire) and bilimbi halves and optional okra slices along with a few pieces of kokum and a green chile, sliced in half. Simmer until bilimbi softens. Season with salt and add whole peeled prawns. Simmer until prawns are just cooked. Serve with boiled Goan rice and a glass of Sol Khadi.

..oh yeah... and don't forget the kismoor.

What's This?
The photo above is the fresh version of the mystery ingredient. The photo below is the dried version.
I first tasted this wonderful ingredient in a Parsi restaurant in Bombay called Britannia. Britania is one of the best restaurants in the world.

Tune: Tom! Bac! and Stay by The Chemirani Trio from the 2002 album Kalam Kar THe Chemirani Trio are Master Persian musician Jamsid Chemirani and his two sons Keyvan and Bijan

Chemirani honors classical Persian music while incorporating influences from Africa, India and beyond. ...So does Zaman 8

Tune: Sani by Zaman 8 from the Six Degrees Emerging Artist Sampler CD.

Tune: ùë›é by Zadik Zecharia öãé÷ æëøéä from Kurdish Melodies Played on Zorna ›òéîåú ëåøãéåú òí æåø›ä
Zadik Zecharia is a Zorna master born in Kurdistan and living in Israel since 1950. Here is one of his songs remixed and tweeked by an Israeli DJ.

Tune: a Zadik Zecharia song Remixed By Kinoro Shel Rothschild from Kurdish Melodies Played on Zorna ›òéîåú ëåøãéåú òí æåø›ä Remixed
I bought this Zadik Zecharia CD at Aquarius Records in San Francisco.

Tune: Mervat by Salah Ragab & Thr Cairo Jazz Band from the album Ramadan in Space Time

Tune: A Farewell Theme by The Sun Ra Arkestra with Salah Ragab and The Cairo Jazz Band

Tune: Zeytinyagli by Mustafa Ozkent Orchestra from the album Genclik Elele


Sandalwood byMoondog and The London Saxophonic from the album Sax Pax for Sax

Tune: I Got the by Labi Siffre from the Remember My Song album released in the wonderful year of 1975.

Tune: Tavuklara Kiss De by Barış Manço

Tune: Küçük Bir Gece Müzigi also by Barış Manço

I felt at home cooking in Raia, just like Alborosie singing in Jamaica.

Tune: Kingston Town by Alborosie

Another European reggae act that stays real is Seeed. With a whole slew of records under their belt, they produce heavy riddims with a unique sound that is still reggae dancehall, but still different.

Tune: Dancehall Caballeros by Seeed

Tune: Music Monks by Seeed on the Pharoah Riddim

Tune: And Another Song by Seeed

Tune: Waterhouse Rock by Big Youth remixed by Groove Corporation from Select Cuts from Blood and Fire vol III

Tune: Disco Devil extended disco dub by Lee "Scratch" Perry and Max Romeo
Max Romeo's first job was working on a sugar plantation in 1958, so he is a natural Soul Cocinian. lee Scratch Perry is just crazy enough to be at home here at Soul Cocina as well.

Tune: Conquering Lion by Yabby You

Mystery Tune: ????What's This???? taken from a mixtape from the vaults of Albert T's Flying Saucer.

Mystery Tune: ??Mystery??? taken from a cassette tape bought on the streets of Calcutta.

Mystery Tune: ????Wha's This???? from an unlabeled white label 12"

Thursday, December 13, 2007

What's This? round 3

Like the first two installments of the What's This? series, these photos were also taken on the streets of India. This time Calcutta.

This guy made me some juice from these wonderful doohickie watchamacallits. It was the most refreshing drink! Here are the empty shells below.

Tune: Nata Raaj by Debashish Bhattacharya from the album calcutta Slide Guitar

More slide guitar by San Francisco's own The New Up
Tune: Tropical Soda by The New Up

Tune: Question by Bobby Powell

Tune: Loose Juice by Andre Williams born in 1936, he has a Myspace page where you can hear his Bacon Fat song, a Soul Cocina favorite.

Tune: Mystery Train by Lil Junior Parker & His Blue Flames

Tune: Mystery Song by The Bauls of Bengal
Not sure where this recording comes from, maybe an old cd or tape? I lost track of it's title and artist name, but it is a beautiful song.

Wednesday, December 12, 2007

Puran Poli

First off, Thanks to everyone who helped me identify the mystery items here at Soul Cocina last week.
Puran Poli is a sweet snack made in Maharashtra (and other parts of India). It is often made durring holy celebrations. Puran Poli is like a chapati stuffed with a sweet filling. While filming Soul Dukra in the village of Mutt last year during Holi, I tasted some of the best puran poli ever. The ghee was homemade and super fresh and something about the simplicity of the dough made for a perfect texture, light yet rich, hot and scrumptous. When I returned to Goa after the trip to the Maharastran village, I asked Sachen to teach me the recipe at the ACE lab. I like how his family recipe has a little tumeric in the dough. I was delighted to discover that the recipe for puran poli is like pound cake, easy to remember with equal quantities of main ingredients.

1 cup all purpose flour
1 cup jaggery
1 cup chana dal
1/4 cup ghee
1/2 cup water
pinch of tumeric
2 T ground cardamom

Make a dough with the flour, tumeric, ghee and water. Knead for 10 minutes by hand until smooth. Cover with plastic and set aside in a warm spot. Allow dough to rest while preparing the filling.

For the filling, boil the chana dal. Drain dal when it is cooked before it becomes mushy and broken. Drain dal of all water and cook in a sauce pan over low heat with cardamom and jaggery. Stirring constantly, cook until jaggery is dissolved into dal and a dry puree is formed. Allow to cool.
Cut the dough into small balls and fill each ball with a small ball of filling. Flatten out and on a lightly floured work surface, roll out the balls to thin flat discs. Cook the puran polis on both sides over medium heat on a dry griddle or cast iron pan.
Like Puran Poli, today's tunes all have the initials PP. Either the song or artist

Tune: Zacpa by The Plastic People of the Universe from the Egon Bondy's Happy Hearts Club Band

Tune: Poet and Peasant Overture by Eddie Peabody originally recorded on an EDISON diamond disc exactly 50 years before I was born on March 4th 1925.

Tune: Pretty Polly by Dock Boggs is another banjo tune. This song was recorded in 1927. From the western part of Virginia, Boggs was a coal miner for most of his life.

In 1939 the Coon Creek Girls sang this song for Elenor and Franklin Roosevelt at the White House. They opened the show with "How Many Biscuits can you Eat?" I have never heard this song, but it sounds like it could be a Soul Cocina theme song.
Tune: Pretty Polly by The Coon Creek Girls recorded in 1938.

Tune: Pastime Paradise by Stevie Wonder

Tune: Pastime Paradise by Ray Barreto
I can't believe Stevie and Ray Barreto stole this song from Coolio

Tune: Paper Planes Remix by M.I.A. ft Bun B (that's Texas baby!) & Rich Boy

Tune: Paper Guacharaca is another remix of Paper Planes done by Sonido Martines

Tune: Pal Pal... Har Pal sung by Sonu Nigam & Shreya Ghoshal from the film Lage Raho Munna Bhai
Can't resist singing along? here are the lyrics.

Tune: Puto Prata megamix
here is a Kuduro mix I found at the music blog. With Kuduro blowing up everywhere on the net it is hard to filter through the quality and trash out there. Like baile funk from Brasil, Kuduro is raw, rough, and often nasty.

There are lots of Kuduro videos on youtube. This one features a heavy duty kuduro dancer who only has one leg.

Tune: Tetigo is a xylaphone duet by a musicians of the Petalangan People community. known for Promessa de Pescador by Papete from Agua de Coco

Tune: Pistol Packin' Papa by Jimmie Rodgers

Tune: Professor Pyarelal from Bombay The Hard Way: Guns, Cars, and Sitars. On this tune, Dan "the Automator" Nakamura and DJ Shadow mess with a tune by the Bollywood musical team of Kalyanji and Anandji to create a nice groove.

Tune: Propiedad Privada by Lucha Reyes brings Soul Cocina readers/listeners back to Peru for those of us who just can't get enough.

find more puran poli at:
Madhu's vantalu
The Spice Cafe
and even a vegan version at Vegan Fare

Tuesday, December 04, 2007

What's This?

For the second installment in the "What's This?" series, I am looking for the name and use of two items. First,the vegetable thingy that is black outside and white inside in the photos above. Second, the fruitchamacallit in the photos below. Pictures taken on the streets of Bombay.

Tune: What's That? by Tony Touch w/ Mos Def and De La Soul from The Piece maker LP